A knife design is conceived on paper first. A detailed sketch that comes from a customer or a design idea that comes from me. My design philosophy is "if you can't improve a traditional design, don't change it." This is why most knives I make are from traditional designs with a McIntosh touch. When transferring the design from paper to steel, the knife blade is hand forged to shape. I hand forge all my knives. After the blade is forged to shape it is normalized. The process of normalizing consists of heating to a temperature of about 1600 degrees, depending on what steel you are working with, and then allowing the blade to cool in air. This process is done three times and then heated a fourth time and placed in a substance to allow the blade to cool slowly. The slow cooling is called annealing. Annealing the blade produces small grain size, softness, good ductility, and other desirable properties such as ease of filing and grinding. After the blade has cooled overnight, it is ready for final shaping. This is accomplished using a 2"x72" belt grinder. The belt is changed to a progressively finer grit as the blade gets nearer completion. Prior to final finish, the grinding is interrupted for heat treating. Heat treating is a very critical part of the building process with procedures varying somewhat depending on the type of blade steel, size, and how the blade was designed to be used. After heat treating, the blade is tested. Each blade is tested for edge retention quality, pliability, and hardness. After I am sure the blade meets my standards, the knife is assembled. All my knives come with a certificate of registration and a lifetime guarantee. Take time to look at my work and if you see something that is of interest to you, contact me for ordering information.